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Legal Resources

In this area of you can find most of the legal resources related to the Indian Television industry

TRAI Consultation Paper on Issues related to Broadcasting and distribution of TV channels - CP No 9/2004
The Indian Broadcasting Regulations Forum.

Goverment Rules & Policies

The New Telecom Policy [NTP 1999]announced by the government .

New Telecom Policy..

The Media Policy announced by the BJP government as a part of their Election manifesto for the forthcoming Lok Sabha elections.

Media Policy

National Task Force on Information Technology and Software Development Information Technology Action Plan.

Information Technology Action Plan

Acts & Regulations for Cable & Television in India

The Cable Television Networks Rules, 1994 The Cable Television Networks Rules, 1994

The National Security Act, 1980

The National Security Act, 1980

Almost everybody in the country is familiar with the cable television. It has been spreading its wings from the initial urban cities, right to the remote villages. There has been a haphazard mushrooming of cable television networks all over the country due to the availability of signals of foreign television networks via satellites. To check the screening of undesirable programmes and advertisements which are screened on these channels and to regulate the operation of the cable television networks in the country, so as to bring uniformity in their functioning, the Cable Television Networks (Regulation) Act was passed in both the Houses of the Parliament.

The Cable Television Networks (Regulation) Act

The Prasar Bharati Act ,1990 was passed to provide for the establishment of a Broadcasting Corporation for India, to be known as Prasar Bharati. It says that it shall be the primary duty of the Corporation to organize and conduct public broadcasting services to inform, educate and entertain the public and to ensure a balanced development of broadcasting on radio and television.

The Prasar Bharati Act ,1990

The Bill is to provide for an independent authority to be known as the Broadcasting Authority of India which is for the purpose of facilitating and regulating broadcasting services in India.

The Broadcasting Bill , 1997

The Indian Telegraph Act 1885 came into force on 1st October,1885. "Telegraph" means any appliance, instrument, material or apparatus used or capable of use for transmission or reception of signs, signals, writing, images, and sounds or intelligence of any nature by wire, visual or other electro-magnetic emissions, Radio waves or Hertzian waves, galvanic, electric or magnetic means. The Indian Telegraphic Act, 1885 was an Act to amend the law relating to Telegraphs in India.

The Indian Telegraph Act 1885

"The importance of copyright was recognized after the invention of the printing press which enabled the reproduction of books in large quantity. The Indian Copyright Act was thus passed in 1914. But, during the last four decades, modern and advanced means of communications like broadcasting, litho-photography, television, etc made inroads in the Indian economy. It necessitated the fulfillment of international obligations in the field of Copyright. A comprehensive legislation had to be introduced to completely revise the Copyright law. This was achieved by the introduction of a Copyright Bill, 1957 in the Parliament."

The Copyright Act ...
"The Union Government has taken a decision on 25th July, 2000 to further liberalise its Uplinking Policy and permit the Indian private companies to set up uplinking hub/teleports for licensing/hiring out to other broadcasters. The new policy also permits uplinking of any television channel from India. It also allows the Indian news agencies to have their own uplinking facilities for purposes of newsgathering and its further distribution."

Guidelines for uplinking from India.


further to amend the Cable Television Networks (Regulation) Act, 1995.


Latest CAS amedments of the Cable Television Act

The proceedings in the Rajya Sabha regarding the passage of THE CABLE TELEVISION NETWORKS (REGULATION) AMENDMENT BILL 2002

What the speakers had to say.

Important Judgements & Committee Reports

Excerpts from the historic judgment in 1995 which stated that the Air Waves are not the monopoly of the Indian government.

Judgement for ownership of Air Waves

The Nitesh Sengupta Committee was set up to review the provisions of Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India) Act, 1990 and to make recommendations regarding the restructuring of Prasar Bharati. Read the contents of the report submitted by The Nitesh Sengupta Committee

The Nitesh Sengupta Committee Report

Excerpts from 'Major Recommendations' of Shri B.G. Verghese Working Group on Autonomy for Akashvani and Doordarshan,February 1978.

"We envisage an autonomous national trust as the authority under which Akashvani and Doordarshan should grow. This we are naming Akash Bharati - the National Broadcast Trust."

Recommendations of Verghese Working Group

Summary of the recommendations given by the Ram Vilas Paswan Consultative committee on National Media Policy for the Information and Broadcasting Ministry,1996.

"9.1 - The broadcasting should observe a greater degree of responsibility and sensitivity to Indian culture and ethos and cater to the developmental requirement of the country. It should achieve an Indian personality in telecasting/ broadcasting."

Recommendations by Ram Vilas Paswan Consultative Comittee.

Summary of the recommendations of the interdepartmental committee on electronic media under the chairmanship of Shri K.A.Varadan, Additional Secretary in the Ministry of Information and broadcasting.

Varadan Committee Report

India's dream of becoming a super-power in Information Technology. India is in a competitive race for investment and it is believed that investment in this new millenium will flow to countries where there is visible evidence of a strong policy framework, supported by clear and precise laws facilitating growth of business in a converged environment.

Interim Report of the Sub-Group on convergence

A complete report presented by Fali Nariman Committee to Cabinet.

Final Report of the Sub-Group on convergence

Draft Communication Convergence Bill, 2000

Draft Communication Convergence Bill, 2000

Incorporating Comments/suggestions received from interested organisations and individuals on the Draft Bill prepared by the Sub-Group on Convergence* in January 2001.

Revised Draft Communication Convergence Bill, 2001

The Communication Convergence Bill 2001 which was introduced in Parliament on 31 August 2001 by Former Communications minister Ram Vilas Paswan.

Communication Convergence Bill 2001

Policies for Doordarshan

The DD Notice

The DD Notice

The DD Advertising Code
The Code for commercial advertising on Doordarshan.

The DD Advertising Code

Guidelines for Commissioning of Programmes in Doordarshan

DD Press release

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