The findings show governments imposing heavy burdens on traditional multichannel TV content delivery systems (cable TV, DTH, "walled garden" IPTV, etc.) which must compete with largely unregulated internet-based TV services including "catch-up" TV, live streaming, "TV Everywhere" offerings, video-on-demand streaming and user-generated uploads.
Arguably, however, the most dangerous challenge comes from providers of illegal, unauthorised offshore OTT services.
Casbaa chief policy officer John Medeiros said, "The pirate video transmission business is the most international, least law-abiding, and lowest taxpaying of any segment of the global media business.
"The pirate model is now dominating the commercial conversation. Steps must be taken to block growth of the illegitimate OTT sector – to prevent offshore pirate video operators from continuing to grow business models based on misuse and theft of the legitimate industries' content."