the final recommendations on the New Telecom Policy announced
by the Government in October 2011, Trai wants that additional
500 MHz spectrum to be made available for telecommunications
services by the year 2017 and another 300 MHz by 2020 and
says existing users of spectrum like Government departments,
public sector, private sector and telecom service providers
to alternate frequency bands or media should be moved, to
make spectrum available for commercial telecom services.
Provision of broadband facility is a sine qua non for delivery
of convergent services. A National Optic Fibre Network will
be established, connecting all the Gram Panchayats in the
first phase and all the villages/habitations in the second
phase, both of which will be completed in a definite time
frame. The policy also seeks to make available adequate spectrum
for wireless broadband services.
Separately, the country has embarked upon a time bound programme
of digitisation, with addressability of the cable TV network.
With availability of optic fibre network as well a digital
cable TV network, it is expected that the spread of fixed
lines will increase significantly enabling Fixed-Mobile Convergence,
thereby enhancing the spectrum utilisation which is a finite
and scarce resource.
The National Telecom Policy 2012 (NTP 2012) also aims to introduce
Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNO) in the country; actively
encourage establishment and use of landlines based on optical
fibre network and cable networks so as to promote Fixed-Mobile
Convergence; and provide reliable and affordable broadband
access in the country including in rural and remote areas
by appropriate combination of optical fibre, wireless and
Trai will periodically fix the minimum broadband download
speeds of broadband to facilitate availability of broadband
progressively at speeds higher than the laid down minimum.
The optical fibre network will be laid by an independent agency,
initially up to the village Panchayat level and to be extended
progressively in a time bound manner, to all villages and
habitations having a population of more than 500 persons.
Access to this Optical Fibre Network will be open, non-discriminatory
and technology neutral.
wants that enabling provisions should be incorporated in the
current regulatory framework in order to facilitate utilisation
of existing infrastructure including cable TV networks for
extending high quality broadband services including in rural
The aim will also be to ensure that all local content is hosted
on servers located within the country; rationalise the duties
levied on inputs and finished products and provide requisites
incentives to ensure affordability of Customer premises equipment
including modem; and provide appropriate tax benefits to telecom
infrastructure provider companies.