NEW DELHI: The government, which had introduced stringent
mobile radiation norms from 1 September last year, has
now said in new norms that non-complaint phone makers
will not be permitted to operate in India.
Companies manufacturing or importing mobile phones
for sale in India will have to ensure that the handsets
are compliant with new norms. In the EMF (Electromagnetic
Frequency) Radiation Standards issued last year, mobiles
to be manufactured from 1 September 2012 were to have
one tenth of the radiation levels compared to the then
The government had also said at that time that the
mobile handsets with existing designs which were compliant
with 2.0 W/kg averaged over 10 gram of human tissue
would continue to co-exist up to 31 August 2013. Thereafter,
only the mobile handsets with revised SAR value of 1.6
W/kg would be permitted to be manufactured or imported
It is expected that this may also help in curbing illegal
imports and help Indian manufacturers such as Micromax,
Karbonn, Lava and Spice to avoid pricing pressure in
the market since they will not compete with lesser known
Under the new rule put in place by the Communication
and Information Technology Ministry, the exposure of
radiation emitted from a mobile phone over a gram of
human tissue should not be more than 1.6 watt if a consumer
uses it for six minutes.
All companies will have to display radiation emitted
from mobile phones on the handset in terms of SAR (specific
absorption rate) unit. According to a Department of
Telecom official, no fresh stock of non-compliant mobile
phones will be allowed to be sold from 1 September.
Bureau of India Standards is also working on certain
norms which are expected to provide clause for seizure
of non-compliant handsets, the official said. These
guidelines made India one of the select few countries
in the world to have stringent, established in the interest
of public health, for mobile towers and mobile handsets.
Indian standards are now 10 times more stringent than
more than 90 per cent countries in the world.
Furthermore, the Manufacturer's mobile handset booklet
will contain safety precautions. All cell phone handsets
sold in the market in India will comply with relevant
standards and shall be available in hands free mode.
A scientific study in India-specific context is being
undertaken jointly by the Department of Telecom and
Department of Science and Technology in collaboration
with the Indian Council for Medical Research, the Ministry
of Environment and Forests, and the Science & Technology
Ministry to derive norms based on credible scientific
evidence taking into account diversity of Indian social
While guidelines for consumers on mobile handset usage
have been issued and placed on the DoT Web site (http://www.gov.dot.in),
they include keeping distance - Holding the cell phone
away from the body to the extent possible; using a headset
(wired or Bluetooth) to keep the handset away from and
not pressing against the head, and limiting the length
of mobile calls and using text.
Radio Frequency (RF) energy is inversely proportional
to the square of the distance from the source - being
very close increases energy absorption much more. Other
precautions include putting the cell phone on speaker
mode and not carry a mobile phone that is close to the
chest or pants pocket. When a mobile phone is switched-on,
it automatically transmits at high power every one or
two minutes to check (poll) the network.