Trai proposes penalties for ISPs not announcing and accepting Nixi nodes

NEW DELHI: The Telecom Authority of India has recommended to the GOI‘s department of telecommunication, inter alia, that there should be "stringent penalties" for all Internet service providers who do not announce and accept all their routes (including that of their downstream providers) at the National Internet Exchange of India nodes or at direct peering point.

The provision for penalties may be made in the licensing conditions to curb the tendencies of misuse at any interconnection points by ISPs, according to a set of recommendations Trai has sent to the GOI on April 20, to make the Nixi more effective and hence, bring down costs for consumers.


Trai also wants all domestic Internet traffic to be either routed through National Internet Exchange of India (Nixi) or through dedicated domestic peering of ISP with international Internet bandwidth providers.

However, Trai has said that before extending the Nixi nodes to state all capitals (from the existing four at Chennai, Delhi, Kolkata and Mumbai) a detailed study should undertaken.

Trai has sent a set of six specific recommendations on the Nixi to the GOI after issuing a consultation paper and receiving stakeholder responses because "Nixi‘s infrastructure has not been utilised optimally, as only 27 ISPs out of 135 operational ISPs have joined Nixi nodes at four locations.


Studies show that the total number of connections to Nixi from these ISPs are only 53.

"A lot of domestic traffic is still not routed through Nixi, defying the very purpose of setting up Nixi," Trai chairman Nripesh Mishra has said in the signed report issued on April 20.

Trai, Mishra says, has taken "a light regulatory approach? at present and different options to improve effectiveness of Nixi have been recommended".

The issues on which the recommendations have been made include Interconnection of ISPs at Nixi; Domestic Traffic Routing; Segregation of Traffic; Installation and Interconnection of Nixi nodes; Upgradation of Nixi Nodes and Quality of Service; miscellaneous issues like need to encourage data centre and WEB hosting in India, etc.

Because the infrastructure is yet not being fully utilised, Trai has naturally set aside the issue of Nixi nodes at all state capitals for the moment.

Its recommendation is, "It will be desirable to make detailed analysis of present domestic traffic, CAPEX and OPEX required to setup Nixi node and optimum capacity utilisation of existing nodes before taking any decision to setup any additional node."

The recommendations also say that all the ISPs who are providing International Internet IP port in India shall be permitted to have peering for exchange of domestic traffic with other ISPs provided such integrated ISPs segregate domestic and international traffic using any technique/ technology suitable to them, it has been recommended.

On the issue of interconnection of ISPs at Nixi, Trai says that all ISPs or their upstream providers should either be connected at all Nixi nodes or to International internet bandwidth provider through separate domestic peering link.

All the ISPs providing international Internet bandwidth should be connected at all the four nodes of Nixi and in case of multi-homing ISP, such ISP will decide one of the upstream provider to carry domestic traffic to Nixi or to ISP providing International Internet bandwidth through domestic peering link.

Regarding segregation of domestic and International traffic Trai has recommended that all the ISPs who are providing International Internet IP port in India shall be permitted to have peering for exchange of domestic traffic with other ISPs provided such integrated ISPs segregate domestic and International traffic using any technique/ technology
suitable to them.

According to Trai, the interconnection of the four existing Nixi nodes "if not found financially attractive by Nixi members? may be deferred for the time being.

Trai feels it is desirable that Nixi may setup test bed to exchange IPv6 routes between IPv6 enabled networks as well as IPv4 networks based on overlay tunnel.

"This may be completed in time bound manner, say six months so that Nixi is able to commercially support IPv6 exchange of routes," it has explained.

Interestingly, Trai has recommended structural change in the Nixi.

It is suggested that there is a need to modify Nixi‘s structure from a limited liability company to a mutual not-for-profit organisation, the report recommends.

It was also suggested that ISPs should have "member status and rights, obligations to seek the best strategic direction and promote best practices operations".

The National Internet Exchange of India (Nixi) was set up on the recommendation of Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) by Department of Information Technology (DIT), Government of India, in 2003 to ensure that Internet traffic, originating and destined for India, should be routed within India.

However, Trai has said that Nixi‘s infrastructure has not been utilised optimally due to limited number of ISPs joining Nixi. Therefore a need was felt to revisit the framework of Nixi to provide impetus to effectively exchange domestic Internet traffic.


Latest Reads
Livestreaming App SWOO sees momentum in India; Launches Trivia Format in India

SWOO, a leading global livestreaming platform established in Middle East, today announced the launch of its SWOO TRIVIA SHOW ? a celebrity hosted live video streaming game show for Indians. SWOO is a user friendly, engaging and feature-rich live broadcasting app available across Android/ iOS/ Web...

Technology Software Applications
TiVo exits STB business

MUMBAI: TiVo is exiting the manufacturing, sales and distribution of set-top boxes to a yet-undisclosed third party, the company has said.

Technology Hardware Set-top Boxes
IET India IoT Panel joins hands with exhibitions india group for the 3rd edition of IoT india congress

IoT India Congress is India?s Platform of Platforms for the Internet of Things conceptualized by IET India IoT Panel, a think tank constituted by the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) India. The 3rd edition of IoT India Congress will be hosted in collaboration with India?s leading...

Technology Software Firmware
Tata Elxsi's Automation suite adopted by pan-European Media and Telecommunications Company

Tata Elxsi, a global design and technology services company, announced the licensing of its integrated test automation and monitoring suite ?FalconEye? to a pan-European media and telecommunications company for OTT automation and improving streaming performance.

Technology Software Firmware
Verimatrix recognized for contributions to latin american Pay-TV market with PRODU award win at NAB Show

LAS VEGAS: Verimatrix, a specialist in securing and enhancing revenue for network-connected devices and services, has received the PRODU Award for Best Pay-TV Technology Contribution on behalf of its MultiRights? OTT solution. MultiRights helps service providers effectively navigate the modern OTT...

Technology Software Firmware
Amagi debuts machine-learning powered content-preparation suite

Amagi, a cloud-based technology provider for media processing, has launched Tornado, a machine learning-based content preparation service that enables TV networks and content owners to scale their operations and accelerate broadcast workflows.

Technology Hardware Components
Sharp and TiVo extend interactive program guide deal to power content Discovery across entertainment devices

MUMBAI: TiVo Corporation (NASDAQ: TIVO), a global leader in entertainment technology and audience insights, today announced that Sharp Corporation will further utilize TiVo?s G-Guide HTML across Sharp 4K smart TVs and Ultra HD Blu-ray recorders in Japan, TiVo?s G-Guide xD app and remote schedule...

Technology Hardware Components
HARMAN announces Priyanka Chopra as global brand ambassador

HARMAN International, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. focused on connected technologies for automotive, consumer and enterprise markets, today announced that actress, singer, producer and philanthropist Priyanka Chopra has been named a global brand ambassador for the...

Technology Hardware Components
Etere HSM expands interoperability with Grass Valley

Etere HSM features an integration with Grass Valley that improves interoperability, streamlines connectivity, enables faster content processing and includes deep archive capabilities. Etere introduces a new integration layer between Etere Hierarchical Storage Management (HSM) and Grass Valley...

Technology Hardware Components

Latest News

Load More

Sign up for our Newsletter

subscribe for latest stories